Pre-IPSA Workshop


On July 18, we co-organized a Pre-IPSA workshop (the day before the 2014 IPSA World Congress in Montreal) with the Electoral Integrity project. The papers presented investigate how citizens and parties act within different electoral contexts in a comparative perspective and how the quality of any electoral contest and common electoral malpractices affect citizens and elites in countries worldwide. The purpose of this workshop was to put together papers using multiple methods and approaches to tackle questions related to the impact of electoral context on the functioning of democracy.

With about 30 papers presented, more than 70 participants from very different countries (Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, India, Mexico, United Kingdom, and United States), and about 10 NGOs and international/national electoral agencies represented, we can say that this workshop was a success. Below, you’ll find the full-program.


  • Introduction to the Making Electoral Democracy Work and the Electoral Integrity project
    Pippa Norris (Harvard University)
    Elisabeth Gidengil (McGill University)
    Ferran Martinez i Coma (University of Sidney)

Panel 1: Campaigns and the Vote (09.30-11.00)

Chair: Karin Riedl (City University of New York)
Discussant: Peter Miller (University of Pennsylvania)

  • Negative Campaigning in Multicandidate Contests
    Indridi indridason (University of California, Riverside)
    Matt Golder (Pennsylvania State University)
    Thomas Gschwend (University of Mannheim)
  • Campaigns and Cross-Level Partisanship
    Laura Stephenson (University of Western Ontario)
    Éric Bélanger (McGill University)
  • The Impact of Electoral Systems on Personal Vote Strategies: A Field Experiment on German MPs
    Damien Bol (University of Montreal)
    Thomas Gschwend (University of Mannheim)
    Thomas Zittel (Goethe University Frankfurt)
    Steffen Zittlau (University of Mannheim)
  • Perceptions of Corruption: Does the Level of Government Make a Difference?
    André Blais (University of Montreal)
    Elisabeth Gidengil (McGill University)
    Anja Kilibarda (University of Montreal)

Panel 2: Determinants and consequences of Electoral Integrity (9.30-11.00)

Chair: Chad Vickery (IFES)
Discussant: Allyson Benton (CIDE)

  • Bullets over Ballots: How Electoral Exclusion Sparks Political Violence and Chills Participation
    Brian Klaas (University of Oxford)
  • Gender and Electoral Integrity: Combating Violence against Women in Politics
    Mona Lena Krook (Rutgers University)
  • Capturing Campaigns’ Effects on Democratic Satisfaction: Evidence from a Panel Study in Uganda
    Nicholas Kerr (University of Alabama)
    Jeff Conroy-Krutz (Michigan State University)
  • Beat Me If You Can: The Fairness of Elections in Dictatorships
    Masaaki Higashijima (Michigan State University)

Panel 3: Voting turnout (11.30-1.00)

Chair: Katharina Jaronicki (University of Pennsylvania)
Discussant: Damien Bol (University of Montreal)

  • Compulsory Voting, Voter Turnout, and Income Inequality
    John Carey (Dartmouth College)
    Yusaku Horiuchi (Darmouth College)
  • Elections as Poor Reflections of Preferences under Compulsory Voting
    Shane Singh (University of Georgia)
  • High Turnout in the Low Countries: Partisan Effects of Turnout in Belgium and The Netherlands
    Peter Miller (University of Pennsylvania)
    Ruth Dassoneville (University of Leuven)
  • Swing Voters and Motivated Cognitive Reasoning
    Matthew Byrne (University of British Columbia)
    Pascal Doray-Demers (University of Montréal)
  • Cooperating for Fairness: The Role of Electoral Institutions in Generating Legislation Aimed at Protecting Vulnerable Sectors in Society in the Sub-Saharan African Region
    Karin Riedl (City University of New York)

Panel 4: Perceptions of Electoral Integrity (11.30-1.00)

Chair: Mona Lena Krook (Rutgers University)
Discussant: Brian Klaas (University of Oxford)

  • Electoral Rules, Performance and Perceptions of Electoral Integrity
    Todd Donovan (Western Washington University)
    Shaun Bowler (University of California, Riverside)
  • Distrust without Controversy: Determinants of Perceptions of Election Transparency in Contemporary Argentina
    Julia Pomares (CIPPEC)
  • Voter Participation and Attitudes toward Electoral Processes and Electoral Integrity: A Comparative Analysis of Survey Data from Ukraine and Indonesia
    Staffan Darnolf (IFES)
    Rakesh Sharma (IFES)
  • (How) Does Electoral Integrity Affect Turnout?
    Ferran Martinez i Coma (University of Sydney)
    Minh Trinh (Harvard University)

Panel 5: Breakout Roundtables

In this breakout session, led by a practitioner, groups at each table were asked to discuss two issues: What are the practical barriers to knowledge sharing among practitioners and scholars in the research communities? What could be done to strengthen these networks? Each table group selected a rapporteur to report back the key points during the final 15-20 minutes.

  • Niall McCann (UNDP)
  • Chad Vickery (IFES)
  • Staffan Darnolf (IFES)
  • Betilde Munoz-Possian (OAS)
  • Marc Mayrand (Elections Canada)
  • Annette M. Fath-Lihic (International IDEA)
  • Martin Schaaper (UNESCO)
  • Nathaniel Heller (Global Integrity)

Panel 6: Representative and direct democracy (2.30-4.00)

Chair: Elisabeth Gidengil (McGill University)
Discussant: Patrick Fournier (University of Montreal)

  • Campaigning in Direct Democracies: Initiative Petition Signing, Voter Turnout, and Acceptance
    Katharina Jaronicki (University of Pennsylvania)
  • The Conditioning Impact of Electoral and Party Systems on Electoral Volatility
    Benjamin Ferland (McGill University)
    Ruth Dassonneville (University of Leuven)
  • How to Survey about Turnout? Evidence from a Randomized Wording Experiment in Five Democracies
    Alexandre Morin-Chassé (University of Montreal)
    Damien Bol (University of Montreal)
    Laura Stephenson (University of Western Ontario)
    Simon Labbé St-Vincent (University of Montreal)

Panel 7: Forensics, Campaign finance, and the Law (2.30-4.00)

Chair: Lonna Atkeson (University of New Mexico)
Discussant: Walter Mebane (University of Michigan)

  • Equity and Transparency in Campaign Financing: Implications for the Integrity of Elections
    Betilde Munoz-Possian (OAS)
    Alejandro Urizar (OAS)
  • Does the Decentralization of Electoral Manipulation Strengthen National Electoral Authoritarian Regimes? Evidence from Mexico
    Allyson Benton (CIDE)
  • The Causes and Consequences of Electoral Autonomy in Latin America and Africa
    Alejandro Trelles (University of Pittsburgh)
  • Canadian Election Administration on Trial: The “Robocalls” Case and the Opitz Decision
    Michael Pal (University of Toronto)
  • The Portfolio of Electoral Manipulation: The 2008 Recall Referendum in Bolivia
    Francisco Cantu (University of Houston)

Panel 8: Strengthening Integrity Institutions (2.30-4.00)

Chair: Larry LeDuc (University of Toronto)
Discussant: Paul Gronke (Reed College)

  • Evaluating Election Management Bodies
    Pippa Norris (Harvard University)
  • Drawing the line: districting, redistricting, and electoral accountability
    Chad Vickery (IFES)
    Erica Shein (IFES)
  • New Electoral Systems in Southern Africa: Trends and Challenges
    Jørgen Elklit (Aarhus University)
  • Election Management Bodies, Confidence and Voter Turnout
    Holly Ann Garnett (McGill University)

Panel 9: Roundtable (4.30-6.00)

  • Controversies in Electoral Integrity in the Canadian Fair Votes Act
    Elisabeth Gidengil (McGill University)
    Pippa Norris (Harvard Univeristy)
    Richard Johnston (University of British Columbia)
    Marc Mayrand, Chief Elections Officer (Elections Canada)
    Maxime St-Hilaire (University of Sherbrooke)


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